Indonesia is home for so many animals, one of them is a big primate called Orangutan. This big primate live in forests of Indonesia and Malaysia (Borneo). In Indonesia we have two species of orangutan, they are Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) and Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus). Orangutan are not like chimpanzee and bonobo that live in colony, their live tends to be alone (semi solitary). Their character in fact was be threats that should they face. Those threats are like the vanishing of habitat and the poaching also.
Early July 2016 ago, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) set the rise of orangutan status from Endangered (EN) to Critically Endangered (CR). Like or not, this bad new has to we hear and of course this is be a hard whip for all of us.
August, 11th 2016 ago ten orangutans released at Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park, Katingan District, after through the rehabilitation process in Centre of Orangutan Reintroduction that managed by Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation in Nyaru Menteng, Central Kalimantan. Those ten orangutans consist of six female orangutans (three pairs of mom and kid) and four male orangutans. The release was the first time conducted on the area. This area selected because the carrying capacity of the area before, Protected Forest Batikap, Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan, almost get up to the maximal limit. The area be estimated could be habitat for 300 orangutans, but it might be only 250 orangutans that could released there.
It’s not easy to release orangutan into the wild. At least, 6-7 years time needed to rehabilitation process, training period, and restore their wild behaviour before we release them. Monterado Fridman, Coordinator of Communication and Education BOSF said that there are four phases that should be passed before we conduct the orangutan release. Those are quarantine phase, socialization phase, pra-release phase, and the last one is release phase. At least there are 700 orangutans at rehabilitation centre of BOSF that should be addressed to their habitat.
Jamartin Sihite, the CEO of BOSF said that all of parties need to make efforts each other for the preservation of orangutan. Either NGO’s such as BOSF and USAID Lestari, and then the local government, National Park, central government, and house of conservation parliament to break a leg for ensure the preservation of orangutan, at least in Central Kalimantan. USAID Lestari have been committed to support the preservation of orangutan in their habitat, and one of the implementation is through conduct the orangutan release at Bukit Raya Bukit Raya National Park.