Due to overexploitation, Java’s north coast is now degraded. In 2014, abrasion or coastline erosion occurred along 745.41 kilometers or 44% of the entire coastline, eroding an area of 12,878.53 hectares.
With sand-filled geotextile bags breakwater the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) has implemented efforts to rehabilitate the northern Java coastline.
Coastal Disaster Mitigation and Climate Change Adaptation
Directorate of Coastal Utilization
Directorate General of Marine Spatial Management (DG MSM)
Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) 2015
Climate Change, Ocean & Coastal, Works